UTIs or urinary tract infections refer to all those infections of the lower urinary tract including cystitis and urethritis. Cystitis or honeymoon cystitis is the inflammation of the urinary bladder whereas urethritis is the inflammation of the urethra. In this guide, we answer following questions that sufferers of UTIs commonly ask:
- Can a UTI be transmitted sexually?
- If I have UTI, could I pass it on to my partner?
- Can a man give a woman UTI?
Causes and Symptoms of UTI
Symptoms of Cystitis:
- The frequent urge to urinate
- Cloudy or bloody urine
- Inability to produce more than a few drops of urine at a time
- Pain and burning sensation while passing urine
- Feeling that bladder is always full but unable to urinate
To answer the question ‘can a man give a woman a uti if he has one’, the answer is that Cystitis is not sexually transmitted. However, Urethritis, which is the inflammation of the urethra, is often a sign of sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Cystitis is caused by bacteria that are found in the GI tract and along the anal area or rectum. Women are more at a risk for cystitis because of the shorter urethra and proximity of the urinary area from that of the anal area. Therefore, sexual intercourse can be a documented risk factor for Cystitis alongside inadequate fluid intake, and not urinating despite feeling the urge. We will be discussing ways to prevent cystitis later in this guide.
Symptoms of Urethritis
Urethritis is caused by sexually transmitted bacteria that also cause gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Its symptoms are:
- Pain and burning during urination
- White milky discharge from the urethra
There are very few distinguishing symptoms for this infection which, therefore, often goes undetected. Failure to practice safe sex can cause you to unknowingly pass it on to your partner.
Can you pass a UTI to your partner?
A UTI is often a complex infection owing to its ability to recur over and over. Also, as stated above, lower urinary tract infections are more common in women due to shorter urethras. UTIs are also more common in sexually active women. Nearly 1 out of every 3 women in her early 30s and late 20s will suffer from at least one UTI in her lifetime. But, in most cases, if you have UTI, you won’t pass it on to your partner.
That said; sexual intercourse, lack of post coital voiding, use of a diaphragm as well as the use of spermicidal jelly can all increase the percentage of E.coli bacteria which are responsible for UTIs. Spermicidal jellies and harsh lubricants tend to raise the vaginal Ph making it highly toxic to normal flora. This, in turn, increases the adherence of e.coli to the vaginal epithelial cells. If you are suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms, it is best that you avoid sexual intercourse until you are completely cured. This will prevent the symptoms from worsening.
Can a man give you uti?
Men rarely suffer from UTI owing to larger urethra routes. Being sexually involved in a man with Urethritis symptoms could however can increase your risk of STDs. Urethritis in men is also more common due to Gonorrhea and Chlamydia.
If you are suspecting you have cystitis or urethritis, talk to your doctor. You will need to take antibiotics for a course of 2-3 weeks. You will start to feel better after a couple of days, but you should complete the dose of the medicine. Failure to take the full dose could result in recurrence of infection. Following things can also help you speed up recovery:
- Avoid beverages with caffeine including tea, coffee, colas, sodas, sports and energy drinks.
- Also limit intake of alcoholic drinks
- Do not indulge in sexual activity
- Avoid sports.
Prevention of UTIs
If you get more than 3 cystitis infections within a span of 6 months, talk to your doctor about changing the medicine. Following precautionary measures can also help:
- After bowel movement, wipe from front to back instead of back to front. This will limit the anal bacteria from coming into the urinary area.
- Increase your water consumption. Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water every day.
- Urinate frequently-especially if you feel the urge-even at night.
- Women must pee after sexual intercourse to limit bacteria.
- Avoid tight fitting pants, thongs and synthetic underwear. Instead, choose loose, comfortable cotton panties.
- Never use vaginal sprays, deodorants and douches. Stay away from scented lubricants, spermicidal jelly and diaphragms.
Can you pass a UTI to male partner? The answer is no but if you have urethritis which is sexually transmitted then there is a significant chance that you could pass it on. Likewise, a man cannot give a woman UTI unless he has urethritis which mostly stems from gonorrhea and Chlamydia.