While men also get it, urine infection in women is more common. In fact, it is not unusual for a woman to experience urine infection more than once in her lifetime. To those who are more susceptible to it, an infection could happen once yearly. Young girls get them quite often too. Recurring episodes of UTI (urinary tract infection) is also likely once you have had it and breaking the pattern would definitely help you stop experiencing the discomforts associated with it.
If it is your first time to get the infection, you may not immediately suspect UTI. For those who suffer from dysmenorrhea, pain in the lower abdomen or lower back is an ordinary, monthly incident. That is why at the initial onset of urine infection in women, it may be mistaken for something else. But with other signs along with the pain are also experienced such as foul odor and burning sensation during urination, it is likely to be urine infection.
The condition is quite easy to identify for a number of women who has already suffered it and if you know what to watch out for. Also, at certain times, a mild one-time attack could happen and goes away by itself but for recurrent sufferers, it is not a simple case.
General Indications of Urine Infection in Women
- Repeated urges to urinate but inability to easily pass it.
- An unusual cloudy color and odor in the urine.
- Incontinence followed by burning sensation when urinating.
- Mild to severe fever and a general feeling of melancholy.
- Pain and discomfort in the abdomen and lower back.
In worse cases, the lower back pain is severe and blood may be present in the urine. To avoid the infection from migrating to the kidneys which could lead to hospitalization, it is important to seek immediate professional help.
Common Causes of UTI in Women
Yeast and E.coli
These organisms are the most common reason for urine infection in women. The usual route is via the rectum up the genital area. The bacteria or fungi would target the meatus opening and would work its way up the urethra and later on the bladder.
UTI may also be triggered by lack of water. It can weaken the immune system which in turn can put a strain on the kidneys because bacteria can multiply fast. Proper hydration prevents bacteria from entering the urinary tract as they are quickly flushed out of your system.
Contraceptive Measures and Devices
Some measures like spermicidal foam and contraceptive devices like IUDs and condoms can cause urine infection in women who are highly susceptible. The said birth control items increase the chances of inducing an infection.
Food & Drink Additives
Junk foods and soft drinks are rich in chemicals and preservatives. Women who are prone to urine infection and are fond of eating food rich in additives increase their chances of getting an infection.
Because of the increased glucose levels due to diabetes, women become prone to yeast infections which in turn can trigger a urine infection.
Prolonged Antibiotic Intake
Overuse of antibiotics or the misuse of anti-bacterial medications has been reportedly found to trigger urine infection in women. Antibiotics are supposed to fight bacteria but could cause health issues including UTI when used the wrong way.
The infection is more common in younger women who develop cystitis that leads to UTI. It is generally due to friction during the activity that can cause an irritation that later on leads to cystitis.
Women also develop urine infection after using some products in the feminine area that trigger an allergic reaction. Brand new underwear that was not washed prior to use could also cause an allergy in the private area.
There are other possible causes to urine infection in women. The condition, while common, can be uncomfortable and if left untreated could lead to more serious illnesses. If you are prone to developing UTI, seek better understanding of its trigger factors and what to do about them so that you avoid recurrence.